sub-picosecond movies of nucleation dynamics

A shortlived SPPS facility is still producing papers – this week it’s the PRL paper by Aaron Lindenberg and some 28 co-authors ” X-Ray Diffuse Scattering Measurements of Nucleation Dynamics at Femtosecond Resolution” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 135502 (2008).

This is yet another pump-probe experiment, where pump is a femtosecond laser which ablates/melts a crystal, and a probe is a sub-picosecond x-ray pulse from SPPS. X-ray probe pulse length is still a limiting parameter in overall time resolution of such pump-probe setups. This experiment had a time resolution of 700 fs, but in the near future at XFEL facilities such as LCLS the time resolution will approach tens of femtosecond.

Lindenberg and coworkers were able to look at both high-angle and small-angle diffuse scattering resulting in ablation process in this time-resolved mode. Their data indicates presence of short-lived nanoscale voids (shown in green in the figure on the right) in the liquid state caused by the laser pulse, and these voids merge together to form larger voids over the timescale of 20 ps or so – claims supported by molecular dynamics simulations. While their data was taken in reciprocal space, by recording ensemble-averaged structure factor S(q) at various time delays from the laser pulse, in the future one could envision fully inverting the speckle patterns shown in the figure above, to obtain a real-space images of the nanoscale voids.

This entry was posted in liquid-solid, liquids, ultrafast, xfel, xray and tagged , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to sub-picosecond movies of nucleation dynamics

  1. cars says:

    Buying a used car can be tricky, no matter how much
    you already know about cars. There are lots of different things to consider so that you don’t end up buying a piece of junk that breaks down right away. Use some great tips of the trade in the following article to help you make your next car choice.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s